Dieter, Michael, Carolin Gerlitz, Anne Helmond, Nathaniel Tkacz, Fernando N. van der Vlist, and Esther Weltevrede (2019). “Multi-Situated App Studies: Methods and Propositions.” Social Media + Society, 5(2), 1–15.  [open access].

Helmond, Anne, David B. Nieborg, and Fernando N. van der Vlist (2019). “Facebook’s Evolution: Development of a Platform-as-Infrastructure.” Internet Histories 3, no. 2 (2019): 123–46. [open access].

Nieborg, David B., and Anne Helmond. The political economy of Facebook’s platformization in the mobile ecosystem: Facebook Messenger as a platform instance. Media, Culture & Society 41(2): 196–218. [open access].


Helmond, Anne. (2018). A Historiography of the Hyperlink: Periodizing the Web Through the Changing Role of the Hyperlink. In The SAGE Handbook of Web History, edited by Niels Brügger & Ian Milligan. London: SAGE Publications [pre-print pdf].

Helmond, Anne. “Anne Helmond on Researching the History of the Web.” Tijdschrift Voor Mediageschiedenis 21, no. 2 (November 1, 2018): 158–62. [open access].

Dieter M, Gerlitz C, Helmond A, Tkacz N, van der Vlist F, Weltevrede E. (2018) Store, interface, package, connection: Methods and propositions for multi-situated app studies. CRC Media of Cooperation Working Paper Series No. 4, Working Paper, 30 August. Collaborative Research Center 1187 Media of Cooperation: University of Siegen. Available at:

Bucher, Taina, and Anne Helmond (2018). “The Affordances of Social Media Platforms.” In The SAGE Handbook of Social Media, edited by Jean Burgess, Thomas Poell, and Alice Marwick. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, pp. 233–253. [pre-print pdf]


Helmond, Anne (2017). “Historical Website Ecology. Analyzing Past States of the Web Using Archived Source Code.” In Web 25: Histories from the First 25 Years of the World Wide Web. Ed. Niels Brügger. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, pp. 139–155. [pre-print pdf]

Helmond, Anne, David Nieborg and Fernando van der Vlist (2017). “The Political Economy of Social Data: A Historical Analysis of Platform–Industry Partnerships.” SMSociety ’17, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Social Media & Society, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 28–30. New York, NY: ACM Press. doi:10.1145/3097286.3097324. [pre-print pdf]

van der Vlist, Fernando N.  and Anne Helmond (2017). “Speculative data selfies” Internet Policy Review. [link]


Gerlitz, Carolin, van der Vlist, Fernando N., Helmond, Anne, and Esther Weltevrede (2016). “App support ecologies. An empirical investigation of app-platform relations.” In: Infrastructures of Publics – Publics of Infrastructures, First Annual Conference 2016 of the DFG Collaborative Research Centre 1187 ‘Media of Cooperation’, Artur-Woll-Haus, University of Siegen, Germany. [link]


Berry, David M., Erik Borra, Anne Helmond, Jean-Christophe Plantin, and Jill Walker Rettberg (2015). “The Data Sprint Approach: Exploring the Field of Digital Humanities through Amazon’s Application Programming Interface” Digital Humanities Quarterly. 9 (4). [link]

Helmond, Anne (2015). “The Platformization of the Web: Making Web Data Platform Ready.” Social Media+ Society 1.2: 2056305115603080. [link]

Helmond, Anne (2015). “The Web as Platform: Data Flows in Social Media.” PhD dissertation, University of Amsterdam, 25 September 2015. [blog post] [pdf]. Honorable mention, AoIR 2016 Best Dissertation Award.

Dacal, D., Dancheva, K., Gerlitz, C., Helmond, A., Minucci, S., Niederer, S., Van der Velden, L. Weltevrede, E. (2015). The Tracker Guide to the Cloud (Second Edition). Design by: Brunetti, A. & Colombo, G. Retrieved from


Weltevrede, Esther, Anne Helmond, and Carolin Gerlitz (2014). “The Politics of Real-Time: A Device Perspective on Social Media Platforms and Search Engines.” Theory, Culture & Society 31 (6): 125–50. doi:10.1177/0263276414537318. [link] [postprint pdf]

Helmond, Anne. (2014). “Raw data” is an oxymoron. Information, Communication & Society, 17(9), 1171–1173. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2014.920042. [link] [postprint pdf]

Helmond, Anne (2014). “The new Facebook data policy: like or dislike?” Internet Policy Review. [link]


Helmond, Anne (2013). ‘The Algorithmization of the Hyperlink.’ Computational Culture (3). [link] [pdf]

Gerlitz, Carolin and Anne Helmond (2013). ‘The Like economy: Social buttons and the data-intensive web.’ New Media & Society 15.8: 1329–1347. doi:10.1177/1461444812472322. [link] [pre-peer-review pdf]


Weltevrede, Esther and Anne Helmond (2012). ‘Where do bloggers blog? Platform transitions within the historical Dutch blogosphere.’ First Monday, Volume 17 Number 2. [link]

Helmond, Anne (2012). ‘The Like Economy: The Politics of Data and Dataflows in the Social Web.’ Information in e-motion. Proceedings BOBCATSSS 2012 – 20th International Conference on Information Science. Amsterdam, 23-25 January 2012. Ed. Wolf-Fritz Riekert and Ingeborg Simon. Bock+Herchen Verlag, Bad Honnef, Germany. ISBN: 978-3-88347-287-4. pp. 10-13. [pdf]


Helmond, Anne and Carolin Gerlitz (2011). ‘The Like economy: the social web in transition.’ Paper presented at MiT7 Unstable Platforms – The promise and peril of transition, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA, 13-15th May 2011. [pdf]

Weltevrede, Esther and Anne Helmond (2011). ‘Where Do Bloggers Blog? Studying Platform Transitions within the Dutch Blogosphere.’ Paper presented at MiT7 Unstable Platforms – The promise and peril of transition, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA, 13-15th May 2011. [pdf]

Helmond, Anne and Carolin Gerlitz (2011). ‘Hit, Link, Like and Share. Organizing the social and the fabric of the web in a Like economy.’ Paper presented at the Digital Methods Winter School 2011 Conference at the University of Amsterdam, January 24-25, 2011. [blog post] [pdf]


Helmond, Anne (2010). ‘Identity 2.0: Constructing identity with cultural software.’ Paper presented at the Digital Methods Winter School 2010 Conference at the University of Amsterdam, January 20-22, 2010. [blog post] [pdf]


Helmond, Anne (2009). ‘Lifetracing. The Traces of a Networked Life.’ In: Thorington H, Navas E, Green J. Networked: a (networked_book) about (networked_art). Roslindale, MA: Turbulence. [link]


Helmond, Anne (2008). Blogging for Engines. Blogs under the Influence of Software-Engine Relations. Master’s thesis, University of Amsterdam. [blog post] [pdf]

Other publications

Digital Methods Initiative (2015). “Field Guide to Online Trackers.” Entry to the Crypto Design Award challenge, Museum of the Image, Breda, 2015.

Digital Methods Initiative (2009). ‘The Nationalities of Issues: Rights Types.’ Global Information Society Watch 2009. [blog post]

Helmond, Anne (2009). ‘Practice-based research in the arts. Henk Borgdorff, based on an interview with Anne Helmond.’ Mapping E-Culture (ed. Cathy Brickwood). Virtueel Platform: Amsterdam. [pdf]

Helmond, Anne (2009). ‘Patching Zone: Collaborative practice and practice-based research. Anne Nigten, based on an interview with Anne Helmond.’ Mapping E-Culture (ed. Cathy Brickwood). Virtueel Platform: Amsterdam. [pdf]

Helmond, Anne (2009). ‘The Chinese Dream. Alex Adriaansens, based on an interview with Anne Helmond.’ Mapping E-Culture (ed. Cathy Brickwood). Virtueel Platform: Amsterdam, 2009. [pdf]